to see pressure on local governments to provide systems that represent an appropriate response to terrorist actions, including bioterrorism," Greene said. "Anything that a terrorist can influence will need to be added to the database at the local level. What we saw in New York was a convincing demonstration of how GIS can provide a quick and flexible response to a wide range of emergency situations. We saw new ways of dealing with disaster recovery. GIS became a crucial tool in helping put together what ground zero looked like, so workers could focus and manage their effort accordingly."

"We are all re-evaluating the need to collect information that can be shared among various departments - and there is a new sense of urgency," said Rob Bennett, president of Municipal Software. "The attack has crystallized the importance of having fast access to accurate information that decision makers need. We have seen in an indelible way that GIS has a role to play in helping local and state governments plan, prepare, respond and recover."