Sept 95 Level of Government: All Function: Law enforcement Problem/situation: Local law enforcement must know technology to catch criminals using computers for fraud and other offenses

Solution: Center offers training for catching high-tech criminals

Jurisdiction: All Vendors: None Contact: FLETC Public Affairs Office 912/267-2908 By Justine Kavanaugh Staff Writer The rapid advance of technology has not only provided new ways to find information quickly, it has also inadvertently provided new opportunities for criminals to commit computer-based crimes. For instructors at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, located in Glynco, Ga., technology has forced a reevaluation of their training programs to include instruction about how technology is being used to commit crimes, who is doing it and which emerging technologies will provide tools for new crimes to be committed

"It's a constant struggle to figure out what technology is emerging, which one shows a future and which ones are just something glamorous that's going to die on the vine," said Carlton Fitzpatrick, branch chief of the Financial Fraud Institute (FFI). The FFI is one of 10 training divisions at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, also known as FLETC (pronounced FLET-See)

The center, established in 1975 on the former Glynco Naval Air Station, is the focal point for training most federal law enforcement personnel in the United States. Prior to FLETC, each agency attempted to train its own personnel. This meant that the quality of officer and agent training varied greatly from agency to agency, and inadequate facilities and duplication of effort were prevalent

Today, the center provides structured training programs for an average daily student population close to 2,000. FLETC also conducts or coordinates training and provides technical assistance for international law enforcement personnel in areas such as anti-terrorism, money laundering and financial crime investigation

The Financial Fraud Institute The FFI is the division most affected by the rapid emergence of new technologies. The division has developed 13 training programs devoted to training federal law enforcement officers in the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of complex financial and computer-related fraud

The goal of the FFI - and of FLETC overall - is to arm officers with specialty skills and techniques they can use to develop solid, prosecutable cases in a broad range of crimes, including crimes involving government contracts, procurement fraud, illegal tax shelters, complex financial transactions, terrorism and criminal conspiracies, asset removal/seizures, money laundering, insurance fraud, electronic funds transfer fraud, employee embezzlement, unauthorized access to government data systems and complex fraud cases using or involving computers

"The goals of the program," said FLETC senior instructor Bob Gibbs, "are to gain an understanding of the individuals that are involved in technology-related crime and to understand the vocabulary of it. We also want to learn how they are using it in whatever criminal activity they are involved in." Tech Courses This has led the center in recent years to concentrate on preparing officers to deal with these kinds of crimes by teaching them how to use technology against high-tech criminals. As Fitzpatrick explained, "You can't really investigate these kinds of things unless you understand the technology involved with them." The center now has 18 fully-equipped computer classrooms and has put together several training courses to prepare officers to combat the growing number of computer-related crimes. For example, the course entitled "Computer Investigations in an Automated Environment" teaches officers to investigate technology crimes. The course also includes an examination of legal issues such as privacy, search and seizure, and communications privacy

A one-week computer evidence analysis training program looks at various types of hard drives, various types of controllers and how DOS filing structure works - from the partition tables to the file allocation tables

Officers also learn how to look at non-file areas on a disk where pernicious information can be stored. Most technology-related FLETC

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