From the start, public-sector tech leaders were on the move in 2017. While some took their services from one city or county to another, others moved up within their agencies or left for private-sector roles where they continue to support government efforts. From federal to local, here’s a look back at the year in career shifts.

January

Google’s Matt Cutts was appointed acting administrator of the U.S. Digital Service.

West Virginia appointed John Dunlap as CTO, replacing Gale Given, who had served in the position since 2012.

February

San Francisco hired Carrie Bishop, director of FutureGov, as its first chief digital services officer.

Former Environmental Protection Agency CIO Ann Dunkin took over as CIO of Santa Clara County, Calif.

Florida CTO Eric Larson was named interim CIO after Jason Allison departed for the private sector.

Baltimore CIO Jerome Mullen resigned.

March Yessica Jones (pictured at left) was permanently appointed CIO of Arkansas, having acted in an interim capacity since the departure of Mark Meyers in January.

Marcos Vieyra resigned as South Carolina’s CISO, and deputy Rick Makla was named interim director of information security.

Andrew “Pete” Peterson began serving as CIO of Oakland, Calif.

Maryland named Michael Leahy acting secretary of information technology after David Garcia stepped down earlier in the year.

San Diego CISO Gary Hayslip left city service for the private sector.

18F’s Hillary Hartley became the first chief digital officer of Ontario, Canada.

April

Robert Mancini was named CIO of Prince William County, Va., after longtime CIO Tom McQuillan retired in March.

Shawn Riley took over as North Dakota’s CIO after 13 years with the Mayo Clinic.

Rhode Island named Mike Steinmetz as its first CISO.

IBM veteran Bob Samson was appointed New York State CIO after Maggie Miller resigned in February.

John Quinn became CIO of Vermont, having previously served as chief innovation officer.

After a consolidation of the state’s IT agency, Alaska appointed Bill Vajda (pictured above) as its new CIO. 

May

California’s deputy director for innovation and entrepreneurship Louis Stewart left his post to become CIO of the city of Sacramento.

Amid a tech reorganization, NYC’s Chief Digital Officer Sree Sreenivasan left his post, followed by Chief Analytics Officer Amen Ra Mashariki, who took a position with Esri.

Florida CISO Danielle Alvarez left for a related post in the private sector.

June

After five years in the position, Montgomery County, Md., CIO Dan Hoffman resigned to become an assistant city manager in Gainesville, Fla.

Sabra Schneider was named CIO of Bellevue, Wash., after working as chief operations officer for the Information Technology Department since 2015.

Following the retirement of Ed Poisson in January, Michael Timm was named IT director for Oakland County, Mich.

North Carolina’s new CIO Eric Boyette was sworn in after being named to the position in April.

Chicago’s former CTO Danielle DuMerer was named CIO after having served in an interim capacity since the departure of Brenna Berman earlier this year.

Amy Tong was appointed California CIO after serving as acting CIO since Carlos Ramos’ retirement in March.

July

In Alabama, former COO of the Department of Information Technology Jim Purcell was elevated to serve as CIO under recently sworn-in Gov. Kay Ivey.

Former Pierce County, Wash., IT Director Linda Gerull (pictured at left) took the reins in San Francisco as CIO and director of the city’s Department of Technology.

Rhode Island hired Bijay Kumar as its new CIO following the April resignation of Richard Culatta, who left for an education nonprofit.

Arkansas announced Carder Hawkins would assume the role of deputy director for the Department of Information Systems, and Richard Wang was named the state’s first CDO.

August

Twenty-year Air Force veteran Jeffery Weak assumed the role of Idaho’s first director of Information Security.

Former Department of Defense CIO Teri Takai took over as executive director of the Center for Digital Government.* Takai also previously served as CIO of both Michigan and California.

Maricopa County, Ariz., CIO David L. Stevens announced he would leave for a private-sector position in early October.

September

David DeVries, previously CIO for the U.S. Office of Personnel Management, was appointed Michigan CIO following David Behen’s departure in June.

Los Angeles County announced its next CIO would be Bill Kehoe, who’d served in the same position for King County, Wash., for seven years.

Louisville, Ky., chief innovation officer Grace Simrall stepped in as interim CIO after Jason Ballard resigned the post.

Frank Johnson of Intel started work as Baltimore’s CIO and Chief Digital Officer.

After nearly a year as Colorado’s first digital transformation officer, Brandon Williams (pictured at right) left for a similar position with the Eagle County Department of Public Health.

Hardik Bhatt left his role as Illinois CIO after two-and-a-half years for a role with Amazon.

Cook County, Ill., CISO Ricardo Lafosse departed his position for the private sector.

October

Former Maryland CIO David Garcia took the same role with the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.

After Tanya Acevedo left for a role with the Houston Airport System in July, former city of Austin IT executive Paul Hopingardner took over as Travis County, Texas, CIO.

Janethe Falvey took over as Boston’s chief digital officer after Lauren Lockwood left the city in May.

New York City hired Quiessence Phillips as deputy CISO to help lead its new cybersecurity command center.

Washington state CIO Michael Cockrill left government service for a position with a nonprofit research group. 

In Florida, Nancy Sampson was named the first state chief data officer.

November

With almost two decades of information security experience, Arlen Fletcher assumed the role of Wyoming’s CISO.

After 33 years with California’s Franchise Tax Board, CIO Cathy Cleek announced her retirement.

Aaron Call was named Minnesota’s interim CISO.

*The Center for Digital Government is part of e.Republic, Government Technology’s parent company.