April 27, 2005 By Jim McKay, Justice and Public Safety Editor
The card contains a digital photograph, which is also stored in a secure database with other biometric information -- including a digital signature and a digital thumbprint -- that offers conclusive proof of the cardholder's identity. The card allows victims to begin rehabilitating their credit and gives them one place to start, rather than having to try to prove their identity everywhere they go.
The program was funded through a $250,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), and developed from a partnership between the Ohio Attorney General's Office and the National Notary Association (NNA).
"Ohio won a grant to develop this program and we had already developed this technology, so it was a natural fit," said Rich Hansberger, director of eNotarization for the NNA. "We were able to, within six weeks, get an application up and running for them. We were pleased to grant them full rights to the application we developed, so it's theirs now."
Passport to Peace of Mind
For a couple of years, the DOJ has offered grants for unique identifiers that victims can carry to prove their identity, but most implementations have been paper based. The thrust behind disbursing the grant money was to fund a way for victims to get more information about identity theft, and enhance victims' ability to prove who they are and rehabilitate their credit.
"Ohio is definitely using technology in an innovative way to provide a Web application that allows Ohio law enforcement to capture this thumb print signature, photograph and all the particulars of the victim, and centralize them at an Attorney General database," Hansberger said, adding that it can be easily accessed to verify victims' identities.
Identity theft victims previously had nowhere to go but to the police. But beyond investigating the initial crime and trying to apprehend suspects, the police had no way to help victims rebuild their credit. The Passport program gives law enforcement and victims tools to deal with the problem quickly and efficiently, and frees law enforcement to catch perpetrators.
The Attorney General's Office created an 800 number victims can call for information or advice about identity theft, and police provide a victim's assistance kit to every victim. The kit supplies victims with information on how to rebuild credit and the names of the three credit bureaus, which can help.
"One thing it does for law enforcement is relieve some of the victim's assistance responsibility from law enforcement, freeing them up to focus on catching the offender," said Jonathan Bowman, senior deputy attorney general of Crime Victim Services. "The program is information based. We don't provide a victim with a card and say, 'Have a nice day.' We're providing them with information that will further help them rehabilitate their lives."
Bowman said the program helps police get victims on the road to rehabilitating their credit. "You can imagine all the frustration and all the things that come with [identity theft]," he said. "They have a lot of questions and concerns, and this program provides law enforcement with a valuable tool they can get to the victims."
When the victim goes to the police and reports a case of identity theft, the rehabilitation process begins immediately. Police take pertinent information, including the biometric data, and submit it to the Attorney General's Office as part of an application on a secure Web site called the Ohio Law Enforcement Gateway. The data is then stored in a secure database, which is accessible to the Attorney General's Office and law enforcement officers
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