A great historical perspective on Seattle's emergency management progression.
Not all researchers are as good at capturing the details and the progression as Gordon LaForge. See the case study he conducted, CRITICAL BUT NOT URGENT: SEATTLE PREPARES FOR THE BIG ONE, 2005–2019.
Innovations for Successful Societies (ISS) is a program of Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. ISS invites readers to share feedback and information on how these cases are being used.
It is illustrative of how single personalities can move the readiness ball down the court. Barb Graff's role in garnering policy-level support and making wise decisions, e.g., "It is better to give some training to a lot of people than a lot of training to a few people."
As I noted in a blog post advertising her position, she will be hard to replace.
And for all the progress made, there remains so much more to do. The unreinforced masonry buildings (URM) are still standing — with no seismic retrofits.