The designees will share testing data and research in order to advance driverless vehicle technology.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) announced ten automated vehicle proving ground test sites that will form a Community of Practice with the goal of advancing autonomous and connected vehicle technology.
The proving ground designees were announced Jan. 19 and include:
Randy Iwasaki, executive director of the Contra Costa County Transportation Authority, which operates GoMentum Station in Concord, Calif., said he was “honored to be selected as one of the ten locations in the United States. This is the only technology on the planet that can help reduce traffic fatalities to zero.”
The potential for autonomous vehicles is hard to overstate. Productivity could be boosted by less time being spent in transit, cities could dedicate more space to parks by reducing the number of parking garages and mobility-challenged community members could have easier access to jobs. Not to mention safety. There are nearly 40,000 roadway fatalities per year, and more than 90 percent of those are caused by human decisions. This number could fall dramatically with a wide distribution of autonomous vehicles.
As part of the Community of Practice, members will “foster innovations that can safely transform personal and commercial mobility, expand capacity, and open new doors to disadvantaged people and communities,” according to the release.
One major consideration for being chosen was the requirement to share data between designees. This made some of GoMentum Station’s partners nervous about losing their competitive advantage. “I think at the end, they [the station’s partners] looked at it and like us said there may be opportunities to work with test facilities in the U.S. and collaborate on the details,” said Iwasaki. “It is a golden opportunity to help accelerate this technology so that the public can enjoy the benefits if they chose to do so.”
By sharing data, explained Iwasaki, it will save resources by not having to test the same thing that a partner has already done. This also provides community members with a chance to get data from test facilities in different locations.
The list of community members includes sites across the country that will help in understanding how these vehicles operate in different climates. Ideally, the same test could be set up in 90-degree weather in Texas as the blistering cold of Madison, Wis. “Each of the sites have their unique qualities that are interesting,” Iwasaki said. “San Diego offers some high-speed testing with ingress and egress points that offer testing we can't do at the GoMentum Station.”
Community members represent several different types of entities — cities, counties, states and academic institutions are all included. The program was announced in November 2016, and the USDOT received more than 60 applications.
“The designated proving grounds will collectively form a Community of Practice around safe testing and deployment,” said USDOT Secretary Anthony Foxx in a statement. “This group will openly share best practices for the safe conduct of testing and operations as they are developed, enabling the participants and the general public to learn at a faster rate and accelerating the pace of safe deployment.”