State and local governments are facing the need to innovate like never before. And as they redouble their efforts to modernize services for citizens and internal customers, technology leaders also must rethink isolated IT development models that can’t keep pace with the innovation required to serve the public. Collaboration within and across state and local government organizations can be the catalyst for solutions to universal public sector challenges. While governments have long made ad hoc attempts to share best practices, and in some cases code, to date these efforts have often been fragmented and uncoordinated, forcing many individual agencies to reinvent the wheel. This paper explores the potential of new models for collaboration that can transform how agencies develop and deploy the solutions their citizens need.