Hackers Don’t Just Steal Data, They Manipulate It

According to the commander of U.S. Cyber Command, there is a disturbing trend afoot that could give people a reason to distrust online data.

by Andrew Conte, The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review / October 27, 2015

(TNS) -- Computer hackers could do more damage than just stealing the information they find online, the nation's top cybersecurity official said in Pittsburgh Monday.

Computer thieves already hit U.S. companies daily, looking for trade secrets, bank account information and the inner-workings of operating systems, said Adm. Michael Rogers, who heads both the National Security Agency and U.S. Cyber Command.

“What happens when nation-states, groups, individuals no longer want to steal data [but] they want to manipulate data — and suddenly we can't believe what we're seeing?” Rogers said at the University of Pittsburgh.

“Much of our structure is based on the whole idea of trust. If you log on, you can believe what you're seeing. ... (Manipulation) would be huge collectively for us as a nation, but more broadly, the world.”

Rogers spoke for 45 minutes to about 150 students, professors and others at Pitt's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. He later met privately with officials at the National Cyber-Forensics & Training Alliance on Second Avenue before speaking at Carnegie Mellon University's Gates-Hillman Center.

At Pitt, Rogers talked broadly about online threats to the nation while describing the NSA as a friendlier, more-accountable intelligence operation.

He acknowledged that information leaks about the agency have hurt its ability to track terrorists, criminals and foreign threats. Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden released government files about the agency in 2013, leading to recurring news reports.

“I have watched us lose a measure of capability because I'm watching terrorist groups, number one, physically change the way they communicate as a direct result of what has been compromised,” Rogers said. “I would argue that's not a good place for us to be in as a nation right now.”

Another impact is that intelligence agency officials are now willing to appear in public and take questions, said Michael Kenney, a Pitt national security professor and researcher.

“This sort of event would not have happened before the Snowden revelations,” Kenney said afterward. “It is a new world for the NSA and for U.S. government intelligence agencies. ... They realize they can no longer be in these protected silos that aren't interacting with the American public.”

Rogers started out by saying the public should trust the agency, and he interacted with people in the audience. He at one point mentioned baseball and, as a Chicago native, teased about the Cubs' post-season run.

That human touch seemed to be working, said Michael Spring, an information sciences professor who met in private with Rogers before the event.

“He's a thinking military officer, who has children, who understands all of the issues, all of the concerns of the American people,” Spring said afterward. “I think that, for whatever reason, he's engaged in an outreach effort.”

The NSA follows the rule of law, Rogers said, but agency officials rarely can talk about what they do for fear of tipping off the nation's enemies.

“Now as a democratic nation, it's our right to argue about what we think about that law,” Rogers said. “Are we comfortable with that legal framework?”

The United States government also must protect the free flow of information around the world, Rogers said. Encryption makes his job harder, but he said protected messages are in the best interests of the nation and the world.

Rogers addressed a media report by The New York Times about Russian submarines and naval vessels operating near international undersea communications cables. Any activity near that kind of infrastructure raises concerns, he said.

“We believe it is in the best interests of the world to have continuous free flow of information,” Rogers said. “... When we see potential activity around that kind of infrastructure, we stop and ask ourselves, ‘What is being done and why?'”

The Internet has resiliency built into it, but if Russian adversaries could cut enough of the right cables as an act of war, it would have a devastating impact on communications, said Kenney, the Pitt security professor.

“That would potentially be devastating,” he said. “That's akin to a kill switch on the Internet.”

©2015 The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review (Greensburg, Pa.) Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.