December 27, 2009 By Chad Vander Veen
Although the term "wiki" undoubtedly brings to mind a certain online encyclopedia, generally it has come to mean a Web site that is created or updated through the collaborative efforts of individuals. Wikipedia is the most well known example, but other wiki sites include: wikiHow, a collaborative how-to site; Wikimapia, a Google Earth-based site that lets users edit a global map using notes, photos and video; and Wookieepedia, a wiki-based encyclopedia for all things Star Wars.
In San Jose, Calif. -- the heart of Silicon Valley -- city officials are attempting to bring the wiki concept to city planning. The city went live Aug. 1 with its Wikiplanning project, part of the city's Envision 2040 general plan exercise. The project has been designed to incorporate Web 2.0 applications in order to create a new and better avenue for citizens to provide input on the city's future.
San Jose's idea for Wikiplanning came from a Charlotte, N.C., neighborhood. According to Kim Walesh, San Jose's chief strategist, after learning of wikiplanning on the neighborhood level, she and her colleagues thought San Jose would be well suited for a large-scale experiment.
"We're really pretty good at traditional forms of civic engagement. I think we've pioneered new techniques about how to do in-person meetings effectively, but we really wanted to go to the next stage," Walesh recently told Government Technology. "We heard about this particular application done in a neighborhood in Charlotte. We picked it up and said, 'Let's try to apply it to a city of a million people on our most important citywide project going on right now,' which is creating our general plan -- our long-range plan for how San Jose is going to grow between now and 2040."
With Mayor Chuck Reed's blessing, San Jose's planning staff contacted the Ryan Harris design and planning firm, which developed the Charlotte neighborhood wikiplanning project. However, to design and build a Wikiplanning site for San Jose would cost the city $25,000. Fortunately the Knight Foundation, a Florida-based philanthropic organization that helped fund the Charlotte project, offered to help San Jose cover some of the cost, Walesh said.
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