Dan Lohrmann, CTO, Michigan Dan Lohrmann, CTO, Michigan Photo courtesy of Dan Lohrmann

Finally some good news - infrastructure dollars are becoming available for technology projects. The only catch is that various watchdogs and boards will monitor our every move. Public expectations have never been higher with unprecedented requirements for transparency, accountability and oversight attached to the stimulus bill. Citizens can even go to Recovery.gov to see how we're spending their tax dollars.

Statistics show that the odds are against succeeding. A 2007 study by Dynamic Markets, a research consultancy, found that only one-third of global IT projects live up to initial expectations. Schedule, cost and maintenance overruns are common. Add pressures to spend money quickly and provide "shovel-ready" solutions, and the pessimists are ready to declare defeat before we even assemble our teams. What's a public CIO to do?

The answer, of course: effective project management. As we focus on implementing enterprise architectures that enable the next wave of e-government innovation, we need time-tested principles from the start to be successful. Here are five tips to help navigate the project start-up fog that will soon lift to reveal whether our programs pass that inevitable final exam - public perception.

1. Choose the right projects. From broadband coverage to health IT, the infrastructure opportunities are immense. As you sort through your priorities, answer these questions:

a. Does the project further the strategic or tactical IT plan? (One-off projects may be tempting, but how will they be supported long term.) How does this affect other infrastructure projects?

b. Who's at the decision-making table? Collaboration is key, so think carefully about who's included. What's the project governance? Consider breaking down old boundaries and creating cross-sector or public-private partnerships for projects.

c. Is the decision-making process well documented? Is the scoring or other selection criteria objective? The auditors, citizens and sponsors of the projects not selected will want to understand procedural details. There can be no appearance of favoritism.

2. Put the right team in place. Picking the right project leads may be the hardest task. In addition to a great resumé with project/program management skills and relevant experience, the right leader must understand how to achieve things in a government culture.

Before selecting your project manager, get customer references. Ask questions that go beyond schedule and budget, such as: How many change orders were required and why? Did the team collaborate well with peers, government and industry partners, and other stakeholders? Were you delighted with the result? What would you do differently?

3. Make communication a top priority. Organizational surveys consistently tell us that inquiring minds want to know more project details. Here's how to improve your effectiveness:

a. Circulate a draft communication plan at the start of the project to a wide audience. Listen closely to input and incorporate recommended changes.

b. The plan should include who, what, when, where and how your project team will provide updates. Try delivering updates with project scorecards or dashboards.

c. Once your stakeholders have signed off, follow the plan.

4. Track and report progress. Keep the team outcome focused by defining clear project goals from the outset. Regardless of what technology tools you use to track deliverables, identify meaningful milestones that come every 90 days (or preferably less). Report and celebrate those successes.

5. Consistently manage change. After poor communication, change management is probably your greatest project risk. Project deliverables that seem clear at the beginning often get muddled by new requirements or contingencies that vendors reveal after contracts are signed. These tips can help:

a. Don't rush the statement of work. A good contract is essential.

b. Clearly identify a change-management process. Everyone must know who can authorize changes.

c. Beware of vendor tricks and shenanigans.

Finally: The Project Management Institute offers training, certification for project managers and a Project Management Body of Knowledge to help enable success. Visiting the site is worth the time.


Visit Dan Lohrmann's blog, Lohrmann on Infrastructure.


Dan Lohrmann Dan Lohrmann  |  Contributing Writer

Daniel J. Lohrmann became Michigan's first chief security officer (CSO) and deputy director for cybersecurity and infrastructure protection in October 2011. Lohrmann is leading Michigan's development and implementation of a comprehensive security strategy for all of the state’s resources and infrastructure. His organization is providing Michigan with a single entity charged with the oversight of risk management and security issues associated with Michigan assets, property, systems and networks.

Lohrmann is a globally recognized author and blogger on technology and security topics. His keynote speeches have been heard at worldwide events, such as GovTech in South Africa, IDC Security Roadshow in Moscow, and the RSA Conference in San Francisco. He has been honored with numerous cybersecurity and technology leadership awards, including “CSO of the Year” by SC Magazine and “Public Official of the Year” by Governing magazine.

His Michigan government security team’s mission is to:

  • establish Michigan as a global leader in cyberawareness, training and citizen safety;
  • provide state agencies and their employees with a single entity charged with the oversight of risk management and security issues associated with state of Michigan assets, property, systems and networks;
  • develop and implement a comprehensive security strategy (Michigan Cyber Initiative) for all Michigan resources and infrastructure;
  • improve efficiency within the state’s Department of Technology, Management and Budget; and
  • provide combined focus on emergency management efforts.

He currently represents the National Association of State Chief Information Officers (NASCIO) on the IT Government Coordinating Council that’s led by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. He also serves as an adviser on TechAmerica's Cloud Commission and the Global Cyber Roundtable.

From January 2009 until October 2011, Lohrmann served as Michigan's chief technology officer and director of infrastructure services administration. He led more than 750 technology staff and contractors in administering functions, such as technical architecture, project management, data center operations, systems integration, customer service (call) center support, PC and server administration, office automation and field services support.

Under Lohrmann’s leadership, Michigan established the award-winning Mi-Cloud data storage and hosting service, and his infrastructure team was recognized by NASCIO and others for best practices and for leading state and local governments in effective technology service delivery.

Earlier in his career, Lohrmann served as the state of Michigan's first chief information security officer (CISO) from May 2002 until January 2009. He directed Michigan's award-winning Office of Enterprise Security for almost seven years.

Lohrmann's first book, Virtual Integrity: Faithfully Navigating the Brave New Web, was published in November 2008.  Lohrmann was also the chairman of the board for 2008-2009 and past president (2006-2007) of the Michigan InfraGard Member's Alliance.

Prior to becoming Michigan's CISO, Lohrmann served as the senior technology executive for e-Michigan, where he published an award-winning academic paper titled The Michigan.gov Story — Reinventing State Government Online. He also served as director of IT and CIO for the Michigan Department of Management and Budget in the late 1990s.

Lohrmann has more than 26 years of experience in the computer industry, beginning his career with the National Security Agency. He worked for three years in England as a senior network engineer for Lockheed Martin (formerly Loral Aerospace) and for four years as a technical director for ManTech International in a U.S./UK military facility.

Lohrmann is a distinguished guest lecturer for Norwich University in the field of information assurance. He also has been a keynote speaker at IT events around the world, including numerous SecureWorld and ITEC conferences in addition to online webinars and podcasts. He has been featured in numerous daily newspapers, radio programs and magazines. Lohrmann writes a bimonthly column for Public CIO magazine on cybersecurity. He's published articles on security, technology management, cross-boundary integration, building e-government applications, cloud computing, virtualization and securing portals.

He holds a master’s degree in computer science from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and a bachelor’s degree in computer science from Valparaiso University in Indiana.

NOTE: The columns here are Dan Lohrmann's own views. The opinions expressed do not necessarily represent the state of Michigan's official positions.

Recent Awards:
2011 Technology Leadership Award: InfoWorld
Premier 100 IT Leader for 2010: Computerworld magazine
2009 Top Doers, Dreamers and Drivers: Government Technology magazine
Public Official of the Year: Governing magazine — November 2008
CSO of the Year: SC Magazine — April 2008
Top 25 in Security Industry: Security magazine — December 2007
Compass Award: CSO Magazine — March 2007
Information Security Executive of the Year: Central Award 2006