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Data Suggests Many Counties Lag on Website Encryption

A study from cybersecurity firm McAfee of county websites in 13 states found that smaller jurisdictions were generally less likely to encrypt their websites — a standard security measure — than larger ones.

campus network security
Though state and local governments are generally moving toward encrypting their websites, new data from McAfee suggests that smaller jurisdictions are having a harder time making the switch than larger ones.

The cybersecurity firm released research this week analyzing every county in 13 electoral battleground states, focusing on two data points: front page encryption and .gov URLs.

The encryption issue has taken on new importance ever since Google, which offers the most popular Web browser, started telling users in 2018 that non-encrypted websites are “not secure.” The move prompted many states to encrypt their websites, though a handful of them remain unencrypted.

The McAfee data, when paired with the U.S. Census Bureau’s annual population estimates*, gives a more localized view into the issue. And the findings aren’t entirely surprising — counties with fewer people appear less likely to encrypt their websites than those with larger populations.

Smaller local governments often have less resources than larger ones, and therefore can lag behind in technology trends.

There is one obvious flaw to the data, which is its limited geographic scope. Though McAfee was able to perform a near-comprehensive survey of all 1,118 counties in the 13 states it studied, it is possible that factors specific to those states or the regions they’re in might skew the data relative to the real numbers. Therefore, even though the counties included in the study make up roughly one-third of all counties in the U.S., it should not be treated as a representative sample.

It should also be noted that in order to count website encryption, McAfee used the same technique Government Technology has used in the past: looking at each website’s front page. Many government websites that don’t have encrypted front pages will encrypt other pages that ask users for sensitive information; however, it can be difficult to gather data on every page of a website. Since the front page usually doesn’t ask for sensitive information, theoretically it should serve as a good barometer for total website encryption.

Below is a table of all counties included in the McAfee study, and their encryption status.

County State URL HTTPS? Population
Alachua County Florida Yes 269,956
Baker County Florida No 28,355
Bay County Florida Yes 185,287
Bradford County Florida Yes 27,732
Brevard County Florida Yes 596,849
Broward County Florida Yes 1,951,260
Calhoun County Florida Yes 14,587
Charlotte County Florida Yes 184,998
Citrus County Florida Yes 147,929
Clay County Florida Yes 216,072
Collier County Florida Yes 378,488
Columbia County Florida Yes 70,503
DeSoto County Florida No 37,489
Dixie County Florida No 16,700
Duval County Florida Yes 950,181
Escambia County Florida Yes 315,534
Flagler County Florida No 112,067
Franklin County Florida Yes 11,736
Gadsden County Florida Yes 45,894
Gilchrist County Florida Yes 18,256
Glades County Florida Yes 13,724
Gulf County Florida No 16,164
Hamilton County Florida Yes 14,310
Hardee County Florida No 27,245
Hendry County Florida Yes 41,556
Hernando County Florida Yes 190,865
Highlands County Florida Yes 105,424
Hillsborough County Florida Yes 1,436,888
Holmes County Florida Yes 19,477
Indian River County Florida Yes 157,413
Jackson County Florida No 48,305
Jefferson County Florida No 14,288
Lafayette County Florida No 8,732
Lake County Florida Yes 356,495
Lee County Florida No 754,610
Leon County Florida No 292,502
Levy County Florida Yes 40,770
Liberty County Florida No 8,457
Madison County Florida Yes 18,529
Manatee County Florida Yes 394,855
Marion County Florida Yes 359,977
Martin County Florida Yes 160,912
Monroe County Florida No 75,027
Nassau County Florida No 85,832
Okaloosa County Florida No 207,269
Okeechobee County Florida Yes 41,537
Orange County Florida No 1,380,645
Osceola County Florida Yes 367,990
Palm Beach County Florida No 1,485,941
Pasco County Florida Yes 539,630
Pinellas County Florida No 975,280
Polk County Florida Yes 708,009
Putnam County Florida No 74,163
Santa Rosa County Florida Yes 179,349
Sarasota County Florida Yes 426,718
Seminole County Florida No 467,832
St. Johns County Florida No 254,261
St. Lucie County Florida Yes 321,128
Sumter County Florida Yes 128,754
Suwannee County Florida No 44,191
Taylor County Florida No 21,623
Union County Florida Yes 14,940
Volusia County Florida Yes 547,538
Wakulla County Florida No 32,461
Walton County Florida Yes 71,375
Washington County Florida No 24,880
Carson City Nevada Yes 55,414
Churchill County Nevada No 24,440
Douglas County Nevada Yes 48,467
Elko County Nevada Yes 52,460
Esmeralda County Nevada Yes 826
Eureka County Nevada No 2,003
Humboldt County Nevada Yes 16,786
Lander County Nevada No 5,575
Lincoln County Nevada Yes 5,201
Lyon County Nevada Yes 55,808
Mineral County Nevada No 4,514
Nye County Nevada Yes 45,346
Pershing County Nevada No 6,666
Storey County Nevada Yes 4,029
Washoe County Nevada Yes 465,735
White Pine County Nevada Yes 9,475
Lancaster County Pennsylvania Yes 543,557
Lawrence County Pennsylvania Yes 86,184
Lebanon County Pennsylvania No 141,314
Lehigh County Pennsylvania Yes 368,100
Luzerne County Pennsylvania Yes 317,646
Lycoming County Pennsylvania No 113,664
McKean County Pennsylvania Yes 40,968
Mercer County Pennsylvania Yes 110,683
Mifflin County Pennsylvania No 46,222
Foard County Texas down No 1,200
Ellis County Texas No 179,436
Cochise County Arizona Yes 126,770
Coconino County Arizona Yes 142,854
Gila County Arizona Yes 53,889
Graham County Arizona Yes 38,072
Maricopa County Arizona Yes 4,410,824
Navajo County Arizona Yes 110,445
Pima County Arizona Yes 1,039,073
Pinal County Arizona No 447,138
Santa Cruz County Arizona Yes 46,511
Yuma County Arizona Yes 212,128
Miami-Dade County Florida Yes 2,761,581
Ben Hill County Georgia Yes 16,787
Brooks County Georgia No 15,513
Burke County Georgia Yes 22,423
Camden County Georgia Yes 53,677
Chatham County Georgia Yes 289,195
Clayton County Georgia Yes 289,615
Columbia County Georgia Yes 154,291
Dade County Georgia No 16,226
Decatur County Georgia Yes 26,575
DeKalb County Georgia Yes 756,558
Emanuel County Georgia Yes 22,612
Fayette County Georgia Yes 113,459
Franklin County Georgia Yes 23,023
Fulton County Georgia Yes 1,050,114
Gilmer County Georgia No 30,816
Grady County Georgia No 24,748
Greene County Georgia No 17,698
Hancock County Georgia No 8,348
Haralson County Georgia Yes 29,533
Harris County Georgia No 34,475
Hart County Georgia No 26,099
Jefferson County Georgia Yes 15,430
Lumpkin County Georgia Yes 32,955
Macon County Georgia Yes 13,143
Montgomery County Georgia Yes 9,193
Muscogee County Georgia Yes 194,160
Oglethorpe County Georgia Yes 15,054
Paulding County Georgia Yes 164,044
Pickens County Georgia Yes 31,980
Pierce County Georgia Yes 19,389
Rabun County Georgia No 16,867
Richmond County Georgia Yes 201,554
Rockdale County Georgia Yes 90,594
Stewart County Georgia No 6,199
Toombs County Georgia No 26,887
Union County Georgia No 24,001
Walker County Georgia Yes 69,410
Walton County Georgia Yes 93,503
Washington County Georgia Yes 20,386
Boone County Iowa Yes 26,346
Clayton County Iowa No 17,556
Dallas County Iowa Yes 90,180
Hardin County Iowa Yes 16,868
Louisa County Iowa Yes 11,169
Polk County Iowa Yes 487,204
Story County Iowa No 98,105
Winnebago County Iowa Yes 10,518
Woodbury County Iowa Yes 102,539
Arenac County Michigan Yes 15,041
Bay County Michigan Yes 103,923
Calhoun County Michigan Yes 134,487
Chippewa County Michigan Yes 37,517
Dickinson County Michigan No 25,383
Gladwin County Michigan Yes 25,337
Gogebic County Michigan Yes 15,096
Manistee County Michigan No 24,528
Otsego County Michigan Yes 24,665
Clay County Minnesota Yes 63,955
Scott County Minnesota Yes 147,381
St. Louis County Minnesota Yes 199,754
Yellow Medicine County Minnesota Yes 9,795
Alexander County North Carolina Yes 37,353
Avery County North Carolina No 17,505
Brunswick County North Carolina Yes 136,744
Camden County North Carolina Yes 10,710
Carteret County North Carolina No 69,524
Caswell County North Carolina No 22,698
Catawba County North Carolina Yes 158,652
Cherokee County North Carolina No 28,383
Chowan County North Carolina Yes 14,029
Craven County North Carolina Yes 102,912
Davie County North Carolina Yes 42,733
Edgecombe County North Carolina Yes 52,005
Guilford County North Carolina Yes 533,670
Haywood County North Carolina Yes 61,971
Henderson County North Carolina Yes 116,748
Hertford County North Carolina No 23,659
Hyde County North Carolina No 5,230
Jones County North Carolina Yes 9,637
Lee County North Carolina Yes 61,452
Madison County North Carolina Yes 21,763
Mecklenburg County North Carolina Yes 1,093,901
Moore County North Carolina Yes 98,682
Nash County North Carolina Yes 94,016
Onslow County North Carolina No 197,683
Orange County North Carolina No 146,027
Pender County North Carolina No 62,162
Pitt County North Carolina Yes 179,914
Randolph County North Carolina No 143,351
Rowan County North Carolina Yes 141,262
Rutherford County North Carolina Yes 66,826
Swain County North Carolina No 14,245
Union County North Carolina No 235,908
Yadkin County North Carolina Yes 37,543
Yancey County North Carolina Yes 17,903
Clark County Nevada Yes 2,231,647
Adams County Ohio Yes 27,724
Ashtabula County Ohio No 97,493
Athens County Ohio No 65,818
Auglaize County Ohio Yes 45,804
Belmont County Ohio Yes 67,505
Brown County Ohio No 43,602
Carroll County Ohio Yes 27,081
Champaign County Ohio No 38,754
Clark County Ohio Yes 134,585
Clermont County Ohio Yes 205,466
Clinton County Ohio Yes 42,057
Columbiana County Ohio No 102,665
Coshocton County Ohio Yes 36,629
Darke County Ohio Yes 51,323
Defiance County Ohio Yes 38,165
Erie County Ohio Yes 74,615
Fairfield County Ohio Yes 155,782
Fayette County Ohio Yes 28,666
Franklin County Ohio No 1,310,300
Gallia County Ohio Yes 29,979
Guernsey County Ohio No 39,022
Hamilton County Ohio Yes 816,684
Hancock County Ohio Yes 75,930
Hardin County Ohio No 31,480
Harrison County Ohio Yes 15,174
Henry County Ohio Yes 27,086
Highland County Ohio No 43,058
Hocking County Ohio Yes 28,385
Holmes County Ohio Yes 43,892
Huron County Ohio No 58,504
Jackson County Ohio No 32,384
Jefferson County Ohio Yes 65,767
Lake County Ohio Yes 230,514
Lawrence County Ohio No 59,866
Licking County Ohio Yes 175,769
Logan County Ohio No 45,358
Madison County Ohio Yes 44,413
Mahoning County Ohio Yes 229,642
Marion County Ohio No 65,256
Medina County Ohio Yes 179,146
Meigs County Ohio down No 23,106
Mercer County Ohio Yes 40,959
Miami County Ohio Yes 106,222
Monroe County Ohio Yes 13,790
Montgomery County Ohio Yes 532,331
Morgan County Ohio Yes 14,604
Morrow County Ohio Yes 35,112
Muskingum County Ohio Yes 86,183
Noble County Ohio down No 14,354
Paulding County Ohio Yes 18,760
Perry County Ohio No 36,033
Pickaway County Ohio Yes 58,086
Pike County Ohio down No 28,067
Preble County Ohio No 40,997
Putnam County Ohio No 33,780
Richland County Ohio Yes 121,099
Ross County Ohio No 76,931
Scioto County Ohio n/a No 75,502
Seneca County Ohio No 55,207
Stark County Ohio Yes 371,574
Summit County Ohio No 541,918
Tuscarawas County Ohio No 92,176
Van Wert County Ohio Yes 28,281
Vinton County Ohio No 13,139
Washington County Ohio Yes 60,155
Wayne County Ohio Yes 115,967
Wyandot County Ohio No 21,935
Beaver County Pennsylvania No 164,742
Cambria County Pennsylvania Yes 131,730
Centre County Pennsylvania No 162,805
Delaware County Pennsylvania Yes 564,751
Erie County Pennsylvania Yes 272,061
Franklin County Pennsylvania Yes 154,835
Indiana County Pennsylvania Yes 84,501
Monroe County Pennsylvania No 169,507
Wayne County Pennsylvania No 51,276
York County Pennsylvania Yes 448,273
Aransas County Texas Yes 23,792
Atascosa County Texas No 50,310
Brazos County Texas No 226,758
Collin County Texas Yes 1,005,146
Freestone County Texas No 19,808
Hale County Texas No 33,830
Tyler County Texas No 21,696
Victoria County Texas No 92,035
Wheeler County Texas No 5,191
Barron County Wisconsin Yes 45,164
Brown County Wisconsin Yes 263,378
Dodge County Wisconsin Yes 87,847
Door County Wisconsin No 27,610
Fond du Lac County Wisconsin Yes 103,066
Forest County Wisconsin No 8,991
Grant County Wisconsin No 51,554
Green County Wisconsin No 36,929
Iron County Wisconsin No 5,676
Jefferson County Wisconsin Yes 85,129
Juneau County Wisconsin No 26,617
Kewaunee County Wisconsin No 20,383
Milwaukee County Wisconsin Yes 948,201
St. Croix County Wisconsin Yes 89,694
Vilas County Wisconsin Yes 21,938
Waukesha County Wisconsin Yes 403,072
Greenlee County Arizona Yes 9,483
La Paz County Arizona No 21,098
Mohave County Arizona Yes 209,550
Baldwin County Georgia Yes 44,823
Banks County Georgia No 18,988
Barrow County Georgia No 80,809
Bartow County Georgia Yes 106,408
Berrien County Georgia Yes 19,252
Bibb County Georgia Yes 153,095
Bleckley County Georgia No 12,838
Bryan County Georgia Yes 38,109
Bulloch County Georgia No 77,296
Butts County Georgia Yes 24,193
Candler County Georgia Yes 10,836
Carroll County Georgia Yes 118,121
Catoosa County Georgia Yes 67,420
Charlton County Georgia Yes 12,968
Cherokee County Georgia Yes 254,149
Clarke County Georgia Yes 127,330
Clinch County Georgia Yes 6,648
Cobb County Georgia Yes 756,865
Coffee County Georgia Yes 43,093
Colquitt County Georgia No 45,592
Cook County Georgia Yes 17,162
Coweta County Georgia Yes 145,864
Crawford County Georgia Yes 12,318
Crisp County Georgia Yes 22,601
Dawson County Georgia Yes 25,083
Dooly County Georgia No 13,706
Dougherty County Georgia No 91,243
Douglas County Georgia Yes 145,331
Effingham County Georgia Yes 62,190
Evans County Georgia Yes 10,721
Fannin County Georgia Yes 25,964
Floyd County Georgia Yes 97,927
Forsyth County Georgia Yes 236,612
Glynn County Georgia Yes 85,219
Gordon County Georgia Yes 57,685
Gwinnett County Georgia Yes 927,781
Habersham County Georgia Yes 45,388
Heard County Georgia Yes 11,879
Henry County Georgia Yes 230,220
Houston County Georgia Yes 155,469
Irwin County Georgia down No 9,398
Jackson County Georgia Yes 70,422
Johnson County Georgia No 9,708
Jones County Georgia Yes 28,616
Lamar County Georgia Yes 19,000
Lanier County Georgia Yes 10,340
Laurens County Georgia Yes 47,325
Lee County Georgia No 29,764
Liberty County Georgia Yes 61,497
Lincoln County Georgia Yes 7,915
Long County Georgia No 18,998
Lowndes County Georgia Yes 116,321
Madison County Georgia No 29,650
Marion County Georgia Yes 8,351
McDuffie County Georgia Yes 21,531
McIntosh County Georgia No 14,340
Meriwether County Georgia Yes 21,068
Miller County Georgia No 5,686
Mitchell County Georgia Yes 22,192
Monroe County Georgia Yes 27,520
Morgan County Georgia Yes 18,853
Murray County Georgia No 39,921
Newton County Georgia Yes 109,541
Oconee County Georgia Yes 39,272
Peach County Georgia Yes 27,297
Pike County Georgia Yes 18,634
Polk County Georgia Yes 42,470
Pulaski County Georgia Yes 11,069
Putnam County Georgia Yes 21,809
Quitman County Georgia No 2,279
Randolph County Georgia Yes 6,833
Schley County Georgia No 5,236
Spalding County Georgia Yes 66,100
Stephens County Georgia Yes 26,035
Sumter County Georgia No 29,733
Talbot County Georgia No 6,272
Tattnall County Georgia Yes 25,391
Taylor County Georgia Yes 8,039
Telfair County Georgia down No 15,876
Terrell County Georgia No 8,611
Thomas County Georgia Yes 44,448
Tift County Georgia No 40,571
Towns County Georgia No 11,852
Turner County Georgia No 7,912
Twiggs County Georgia No 8,188
Upson County Georgia Yes 26,215
Ware County Georgia No 35,680
Warren County Georgia Yes 5,251
Wayne County Georgia Yes 29,808
Webster County Georgia No 2,611
White County Georgia No 29,970
Whitfield County Georgia No 104,062
Wilcox County Georgia No 8,812
Wilkinson County Georgia Yes 9,036
Worth County Georgia Yes 20,299
Adair County Iowa No 7,063
Adams County Iowa Yes 3,645
Allamakee County Iowa Yes 13,832
Audubon County Iowa No 5,506
Benton County Iowa Yes 25,642
Black Hawk County Iowa No 132,408
Bremer County Iowa No 24,947
Buchanan County Iowa Yes 21,199
Buena Vista County Iowa Yes 19,874
Butler County Iowa Yes 14,539
Calhoun County Iowa Yes 9,699
Carroll County Iowa Yes 20,154
Cass County Iowa Yes 12,930
Cedar County Iowa Yes 18,627
Cerro Gordo County Iowa Yes 42,647
Cherokee County Iowa Yes 11,321
Chickasaw County Iowa Yes 11,964
Clarke County Iowa Yes 9,423
Clay County Iowa Yes 16,134
Clinton County Iowa Yes 46,518
Crawford County Iowa Yes 17,158
Davis County Iowa Yes 9,017
Decatur County Iowa Yes 7,890
Delaware County Iowa No 17,069
Des Moines County Iowa No 39,138
Dickinson County Iowa Yes 17,153
Dubuque County Iowa Yes 96,854
Emmet County Iowa Yes 9,253
Fayette County Iowa Yes 19,660
Floyd County Iowa No 15,761
Franklin County Iowa No 10,124
Fremont County Iowa Yes 6,993
Greene County Iowa Yes 8,981
Grundy County Iowa Yes 12,304
Guthrie County Iowa No 10,720
Hamilton County Iowa Yes 14,952
Hancock County Iowa No 10,712
Harrison County Iowa No 14,134
Henry County Iowa Yes 20,067
Howard County Iowa Yes 9,187
Humboldt County Iowa No 9,547
Ida County Iowa down No 6,841
Iowa County Iowa No 16,141
Jackson County Iowa Yes 19,432
Jasper County Iowa No 37,147
Jefferson County Iowa No 18,381
Johnson County Iowa Yes 151,260
Jones County Iowa Yes 20,744
Keokuk County Iowa Yes 10,225
Kossuth County Iowa Yes 14,908
Lee County Iowa Yes 34,055
Linn County Iowa Yes 225,909
Lyon County Iowa Yes 11,811
Madison County Iowa Yes 16,249
Mahaska County Iowa Yes 22,000
Marion County Iowa Yes 33,407
Marshall County Iowa No 39,981
Mills County Iowa Yes 15,063
Mitchell County Iowa Yes 10,569
Monona County Iowa Yes 8,679
Monroe County Iowa Yes 7,790
Montgomery County Iowa Yes 10,003
Muscatine County Iowa Yes 42,929
Page County Iowa Yes 15,249
Palo Alto County Iowa Yes 8,929
Plymouth County Iowa No 25,095
Pocahontas County Iowa Yes 6,740
Pottawattamie County Iowa Yes 93,533
Poweshiek County Iowa No 18,699
Ringgold County Iowa Yes 4,968
Sac County Iowa No 9,719
Scott County Iowa Yes 173,283
Shelby County Iowa No 11,578
Sioux County Iowa Yes 34,909
Tama County Iowa No 16,904
Taylor County Iowa Yes 6,191
Union County Iowa Yes 12,359
Van Buren County Iowa No 7,020
Wapello County Iowa No 35,205
Warren County Iowa Yes 51,056
Washington County Iowa No 22,141
Wayne County Iowa Yes 6,401
Webster County Iowa Yes 36,277
Winneshiek County Iowa Yes 20,029
Worth County Iowa Yes 7,453
Wright County Iowa Yes 12,690
Alcona County Michigan Yes 10,362
Alger County Michigan Yes 9,097
Allegan County Michigan No 117,327
Alpena County Michigan Yes 28,360
Antrim County Michigan No 23,365
Baraga County Michigan Yes 8,320
Barry County Michigan No 61,157
Benzie County Michigan No 17,753
Berrien County Michigan No 154,141
Branch County Michigan Yes 43,622
Cass County Michigan Yes 51,653
Charlevoix County Michigan Yes 26,244
Cheboygan County Michigan No 25,413
Clare County Michigan No 30,757
Clinton County Michigan Yes 79,332
Crawford County Michigan Yes 13,901
Delta County Michigan Yes 35,857
Eaton County Michigan Yes 109,826
Emmet County Michigan Yes 33,308
Genesee County Michigan Yes 406,892
Grand Traverse County Michigan No 92,573
Gratiot County Michigan Yes 40,599
Hillsdale County Michigan No 45,749
Houghton County Michigan No 36,219
Huron County Michigan Yes 31,166
Ingham County Michigan No 292,735
Ionia County Michigan Yes 64,210
Iosco County Michigan No 25,081
Iron County Michigan Yes 11,117
Isabella County Michigan Yes 70,562
Jackson County Michigan Yes 158,823
Kalamazoo County Michigan Yes 264,870
Kalkaska County Michigan Yes 17,824
Kent County Michigan Yes 653,786
Keweenaw County Michigan No 2,113
Lake County Michigan No 11,881
Lapeer County Michigan No 88,028
Leelanau County Michigan Yes 21,764
Lenawee County Michigan Yes 98,266
Livingston County Michigan Yes 191,224
Luce County Michigan Yes 6,283
Mackinac County Michigan Yes 10,787
Macomb County Michigan Yes 874,759
Marquette County Michigan Yes 66,516
Mason County Michigan No 29,100
Mecosta County Michigan No 43,545
Menominee County Michigan Yes 22,983
Midland County Michigan Yes 83,209
Missaukee County Michigan No 15,113
Monroe County Michigan Yes 150,439
Montcalm County Michigan No 63,968
Montmorency County Michigan No 9,265
Muskegon County Michigan Yes 173,588
Newaygo County Michigan No 48,892
Oakland County Michigan Yes 1,259,201
Oceana County Michigan Yes 26,625
Ogemaw County Michigan Yes 20,952
Ontonagon County Michigan Yes 5,795
Osceola County Michigan No 23,341
Oscoda County Michigan Yes 8,276
Ottawa County Michigan Yes 290,494
Presque Isle County Michigan No 12,738
Roscommon County Michigan No 23,884
Saginaw County Michigan Yes 190,800
Sanilac County Michigan Yes 41,182
Schoolcraft County Michigan No 8,068
Shiawassee County Michigan Yes 68,192
St. Clair County Michigan Yes 159,337
St. Joseph County Michigan No 61,043
Tuscola County Michigan Yes 52,516
Van Buren County Michigan Yes 75,448
Washtenaw County Michigan Yes 370,963
Wayne County Michigan No 1,753,893
Wexford County Michigan Yes 33,466
Aitkin County Minnesota Yes 15,902
Anoka County Minnesota Yes 353,813
Becker County Minnesota No 34,371
Beltrami County Minnesota No 46,847
Benton County Minnesota Yes 40,545
Big Stone County Minnesota No 4,989
Blue Earth County Minnesota No 67,427
Brown County Minnesota No 25,111
Carlton County Minnesota No 35,837
Carver County Minnesota Yes 103,551
Cass County Minnesota No 29,519
Chippewa County Minnesota No 11,924
Chisago County Minnesota Yes 55,922
Clearwater County Minnesota Yes 8,810
Cook County Minnesota Yes 5,393
Cottonwood County Minnesota Yes 11,277
Crow Wing County Minnesota No 64,889
Dakota County Minnesota Yes 425,423
Dodge County Minnesota Yes 20,822
Douglas County Minnesota Yes 37,964
Faribault County Minnesota No 13,758
Fillmore County Minnesota No 21,058
Freeborn County Minnesota No 30,444
Goodhue County Minnesota Yes 46,403
Grant County Minnesota No 6,021
Hennepin County Minnesota Yes 1,259,428
Houston County Minnesota No 18,578
Hubbard County Minnesota No 21,332
Isanti County Minnesota Yes 39,966
Itasca County Minnesota No 45,108
Jackson County Minnesota Yes 9,911
Kanabec County Minnesota No 16,207
Kandiyohi County Minnesota Yes 42,855
Kittson County Minnesota No 4,248
Koochiching County Minnesota No 12,440
Lac Qui Parle County Minnesota No 6,658
Lake County Minnesota Yes 10,658
Lake of the Woods County Minnesota No 3,758
Le Sueur County Minnesota Yes 28,494
Lincoln County Minnesota No 5,673
Lyon County Minnesota No 25,629
Mahnomen County Minnesota No 5,519
Marshall County Minnesota No 9,390
Martin County Minnesota No 19,785
Mcleod County Minnesota Yes 35,873
Meeker County Minnesota Yes 23,141
Mille Lacs County Minnesota Yes 26,139
Morrison County Minnesota Yes 33,169
Mower County Minnesota No 40,011
Murray County Minnesota Yes 8,276
Nicollet County Minnesota Yes 34,220
Nobles County Minnesota No 21,924
Norman County Minnesota Yes 6,475
Olmsted County Minnesota Yes 156,277
Otter Tail County Minnesota Yes 58,812
Pennington County Minnesota No 14,178
Pine County Minnesota No 29,483
Pipestone County Minnesota Yes 9,047
Polk County Minnesota Yes 31,529
Pope County Minnesota Yes 11,097
Ramsey County Minnesota Yes 550,210
Red Lake County Minnesota Yes 3,999
Redwood County Minnesota Yes 15,249
Renville County Minnesota Yes 14,612
Rice County Minnesota No 66,523
Rock County Minnesota Yes 9,414
Roseau County Minnesota No 15,150
Sherburne County Minnesota Yes 96,036
Sibley County Minnesota Yes 15,028
Stearns County Minnesota Yes 159,256
Steele County Minnesota No 36,803
Stevens County Minnesota No 9,753
Swift County Minnesota Yes 9,345
Todd County Minnesota Yes 24,582
Traverse County Minnesota Yes 3,308
Wabasha County Minnesota Yes 21,645
Wadena County Minnesota No 13,773
Waseca County Minnesota Yes 18,691
Washington County Minnesota Yes 259,201
Watonwan County Minnesota No 10,980
Wilkin County Minnesota Yes 6,254
Winona County Minnesota Yes 50,825
Wright County Minnesota No 136,349
Alamance County North Carolina Yes 166,436
Anson County North Carolina No 24,877
Ashe County North Carolina No 27,109
Bertie County North Carolina No 19,026
Bladen County North Carolina Yes 33,190
Buncombe County North Carolina Yes 259,103
Burke County North Carolina Yes 90,382
Cabarrus County North Carolina Yes 211,342
Caldwell County North Carolina Yes 82,029
Chatham County North Carolina Yes 73,139
Clay County North Carolina Yes 11,139
Cleveland County North Carolina Yes 97,645
Columbus County North Carolina No 55,655
Cumberland County North Carolina No 332,330
Currituck County North Carolina Yes 27,072
Dare County North Carolina Yes 36,501
Davidson County North Carolina Yes 166,614
Duplin County North Carolina Yes 58,856
Franklin County North Carolina Yes 67,560
Gaston County North Carolina Yes 222,846
Gates County North Carolina Yes 11,573
Graham County North Carolina No 8,484
Granville County North Carolina Yes 60,115
Greene County North Carolina Yes 21,012
Halifax County North Carolina Yes 50,574
Harnett County North Carolina No 134,214
Hoke County North Carolina No 54,764
Iredell County North Carolina Yes 178,435
Jackson County North Carolina Yes 43,327
Johnston County North Carolina Yes 202,675
Lenoir County North Carolina No 55,976
Lincoln County North Carolina No 83,770
Macon County North Carolina No 35,285
Martin County North Carolina Yes 22,671
Mitchell County North Carolina Yes 15,000
Montgomery County North Carolina No 27,271
Northampton County North Carolina No 19,676
Pamlico County North Carolina Yes 12,670
Pasquotank County North Carolina Yes 39,639
Perquimans County North Carolina No 13,422
Person County North Carolina No 39,507
Polk County North Carolina No 20,611
Richmond County North Carolina No 44,887
Robeson County North Carolina Yes 131,831
Rockingham County North Carolina Yes 90,690
Sampson County North Carolina No 63,626
Scotland County North Carolina No 34,810
Surry County North Carolina No 71,948
Tyrrell County North Carolina No 4,131
Vance County North Carolina No 44,582
Wake County North Carolina No 1,092,305
Warren County North Carolina No 19,807
Washington County North Carolina Yes 11,859
Watauga County North Carolina No 55,945
Wilson County North Carolina Yes 81,455
Crawford County Ohio No 41,550
Cuyahoga County Ohio Yes 1,243,857
Delaware County Ohio Yes 204,826
Fulton County Ohio Yes 42,276
Greene County Ohio No 167,995
Lucas County Ohio No 429,899
Ottawa County Ohio Yes 40,769
Portage County Ohio Yes 162,927
Sandusky County Ohio Yes 58,799
Union County Ohio Yes 57,835
Williams County Ohio No 36,804
Adams County Pennsylvania No 102,811
Allegheny County Pennsylvania Yes 1,218,452
Armstrong County Pennsylvania Yes 65,263
Bedford County Pennsylvania Yes 48,176
Berks County Pennsylvania No 420,152
Blair County Pennsylvania No 122,492
Bradford County Pennsylvania No 60,833
Bucks County Pennsylvania No 628,195
Butler County Pennsylvania No 187,888
Cameron County Pennsylvania No 4,492
Carbon County Pennsylvania Yes 64,227
Chester County Pennsylvania Yes 522,046
Clarion County Pennsylvania No 38,779
Clearfield County Pennsylvania Yes 79,388
Clinton County Pennsylvania No 38,684
Columbia County Pennsylvania No 65,456
Crawford County Pennsylvania Yes 85,063
Cumberland County Pennsylvania Yes 251,423
Dauphin County Pennsylvania Yes 277,097
Elk County Pennsylvania No 30,169
Fayette County Pennsylvania Yes 130,441
Forest County Pennsylvania No 7,279
Fulton County Pennsylvania Yes 14,523
Greene County Pennsylvania Yes 36,506
Huntingdon County Pennsylvania No 45,168
Jefferson County Pennsylvania Yes 43,641
Juniata County Pennsylvania Yes 24,704
Lackawanna County Pennsylvania Yes 210,793
Montgomery County Pennsylvania Yes 828,604
Montour County Pennsylvania No 18,240
Northampton County Pennsylvania Yes 304,807
Northumberland County Pennsylvania Yes 91,083
Perry County Pennsylvania No 46,139
Philadelphia County Pennsylvania Yes 1,584,138
Pike County Pennsylvania No 55,933
Potter County Pennsylvania Yes 16,622
Schuylkill County Pennsylvania No 142,067
Snyder County Pennsylvania No 40,540
Somerset County Pennsylvania No 73,952
Sullivan County Pennsylvania Yes 6,071
Susquehanna County Pennsylvania No 40,589
Tioga County Pennsylvania No 40,763
Union County Pennsylvania Yes 44,785
Venango County Pennsylvania Yes 51,266
Warren County Pennsylvania Yes 39,498
Washington County Pennsylvania No 207,346
Westmoreland County Pennsylvania Yes 350,611
Wyoming County Pennsylvania No 27,046
Anderson County Texas No 58,057
Andrews County Texas No 18,128
Archer County Texas No 8,786
Armstrong County Texas No 1,892
Austin County Texas Yes 29,989
Bailey County Texas No 7,027
Bandera County Texas Yes 22,824
Bastrop County Texas Yes 86,976
Baylor County Texas No 3,582
Bee County Texas No 32,587
Bell County Texas Yes 355,642
Bexar County Texas Yes 1,986,049
Blanco County Texas No 11,702
Borden County Texas No 648
Bosque County Texas No 18,691
Bowie County Texas No 94,324
Brazoria County Texas Yes 370,200
Briscoe County Texas No 1,516
Brooks County Texas No 7,114
Brown County Texas No 37,924
Burleson County Texas No 18,389
Burnet County Texas No 47,542
Caldwell County Texas No 43,247
Callahan County Texas No 13,994
Camp County Texas No 13,033
Carson County Texas No 6,005
Cass County Texas No 30,119
Castro County Texas No 7,665
Chambers County Texas Yes 42,454
Cherokee County Texas No 52,592
Cochran County Texas No 2,836
Coke County Texas No 3,370
Coleman County Texas No 8,397
Collingsworth County Texas No 2,962
Colorado County Texas No 21,217
Comanche County Texas No 13,534
Concho County Texas No 4,276
Cooke County Texas Yes 40,574
Coryell County Texas Yes 74,808
Cottle County Texas No 1,389
Crane County Texas No 4,794
Crosby County Texas No 5,779
Culberson County Texas No 2,204
Dawson County Texas No 12,619
Deaf Smith County Texas No 18,760
Delta County Texas No 5,349
Dewitt County Texas No 20,187
Dickens County Texas No 2,249
Donley County Texas No 3,319
Duval County Texas No 11,212
Eastland County Texas No 18,322
Ector County Texas No 162,124
Edwards County Texas No 1,928
Fannin County Texas No 35,286
Fayette County Texas Yes 25,349
Fisher County Texas No 3,839
Floyd County Texas No 5,837
Fort Bend County Texas Yes 787,858
Frio County Texas No 19,816
Gaines County Texas No 20,901
Galveston County Texas No 337,890
Garza County Texas No 6,578
Gillespie County Texas No 26,804
Glasscock County Texas No 1,388
Goliad County Texas No 7,584
Gonzales County Texas No 20,826
Gray County Texas No 21,895
Grayson County Texas Yes 133,991
Gregg County Texas Yes 123,707
Grimes County Texas Yes 28,360
Hall County Texas Yes 3,028
Hamilton County Texas No 8,484
Hansford County Texas No 5,463
Hardin County Texas No 57,207
Haskell County Texas No 5,813
Hays County Texas Yes 222,631
Hemphill County Texas No 3,825
Henderson County Texas Yes 82,299
Hidalgo County Texas Yes 865,939
Hill County Texas No 36,354
Hockley County Texas No 22,980
Hood County Texas No 60,537
Hopkins County Texas No 36,810
Houston County Texas No 23,169
Howard County Texas No 36,459
Hudspeth County Texas down No 4,795
Hunt County Texas No 96,493
Irion County Texas No 1,522
Jack County Texas No 8,843
Jackson County Texas No 14,874
Jeff Davis County Texas No 2,252
Jefferson County Texas Yes 255,001
Jim Hogg County Texas Yes 5,248
Johnson County Texas No 171,361
Jones County Texas No 19,817
Karnes County Texas No 15,650
Kaufman County Texas Yes 128,622
Kendall County Texas No 45,641
Kenedy County Texas No 442
Kent County Texas down No 726
Kerr County Texas No 52,405
Kinney County Texas No 3,767
Knox County Texas No 3,653
La Salle County Texas Yes 7,531
Lamb County Texas No 13,158
Lampasas County Texas No 21,229
Lavaca County Texas No 20,110
Lee County Texas No 17,144
Leon County Texas Yes 17,270
Limestone County Texas No 23,519
Lipscomb County Texas No 3,355
Live Oak County Texas No 12,166
Llano County Texas No 21,646
Loving County Texas down No 152
Lubbock County Texas Yes 307,412
Marion County Texas No 9,928
Martin County Texas No 5,753
Mason County Texas No 4,280
Matagorda County Texas No 36,552
Maverick County Texas Yes 58,485
Mcculloch County Texas No 7,987
McLennan County Texas No 254,607
McMullen County Texas down No 749
Medina County Texas No 50,921
Midland County Texas Yes 172,578
Milam County Texas No 25,131
Mills County Texas Yes 4,921
Mitchell County Texas No 8,145
Montague County Texas No 19,596
Moore County Texas No 21,485
Motley County Texas No 1,234
Nacogdoches County Texas Yes 65,711
Newton County Texas No 13,746
Nolan County Texas No 14,751
Nueces County Texas Yes 362,265
Ochiltree County Texas No 9,947
Oldham County Texas Yes 2,131
Orange County Texas No 83,572
Palo Pinto County Texas No 28,875
Panola County Texas No 23,148
Parker County Texas Yes 138,371
Parmer County Texas Yes 9,864
Pecos County Texas Yes 15,673
Potter County Texas Yes 119,648
Presidio County Texas No 6,948
Rains County Texas No 12,159
Randall County Texas Yes 136,271
Reagan County Texas Yes 3,741
Real County Texas No 3,478
Reeves County Texas Yes 15,695
Refugio County Texas No 7,032
Roberts County Texas No 903
Robertson County Texas No 17,284
Rockwall County Texas Yes 100,657
Runnels County Texas No 10,234
Sabine County Texas No 10,589
San Augustine County Texas No 8,232
San Jacinto County Texas No 28,719
San Patricio County Texas No 66,893
San Saba County Texas No 6,054
Schleicher County Texas Yes 2,895
Scurry County Texas No 16,866
Shackelford County Texas No 3,253
Shelby County Texas No 25,418
Sherman County Texas No 3,079
Smith County Texas Yes 230,221
Somervell County Texas No 9,016
Starr County Texas No 64,525
Stephens County Texas No 9,433
Sterling County Texas No 1,311
Stonewall County Texas No 1,362
Sutton County Texas Yes 3,758
Swisher County Texas No 7,462
Tarrant County Texas No 2,084,931
Taylor County Texas No 137,640
Terrell County Texas No 823
Terry County Texas No 12,287
Throckmorton County Texas No 1,515
Titus County Texas No 33,033
Tom Green County Texas No 118,189
Travis County Texas Yes 1,248,743
Trinity County Texas No 14,740
Upshur County Texas No 41,260
Upton County Texas No 3,671
Uvalde County Texas No 26,846
Val Verde County Texas No 49,208
Van Zandt County Texas No 56,019
Walker County Texas Yes 72,480
Waller County Texas Yes 53,126
Ward County Texas No 11,720
Washington County Texas No 35,108
Webb County Texas No 275,910
Wharton County Texas No 41,619
Wichita County Texas Yes 132,064
Wilbarger County Texas No 12,820
Williamson County Texas Yes 566,719
Wilson County Texas No 50,224
Winkler County Texas No 7,720
Wise County Texas Yes 68,305
Wood County Texas No 45,129
Yoakum County Texas No 8,591
Zapata County Texas No 14,190
Zavala County Texas No 11,983
Adams County Wisconsin Yes 20,348
Bayfield County Wisconsin Yes 15,042
Buffalo County Wisconsin Yes 13,125
Burnett County Wisconsin Yes 15,392
Calumet County Wisconsin No 50,159
Chippewa County Wisconsin Yes 64,135
Clark County Wisconsin Yes 34,709
Columbia County Wisconsin No 57,358
Crawford County Wisconsin Yes 16,291
Dane County Wisconsin Yes 542,364
Douglas County Wisconsin Yes 43,208
Dunn County Wisconsin Yes 45,131
Eau Claire County Wisconsin Yes 104,534
Florence County Wisconsin Yes 4,321
Green Lake County Wisconsin Yes 18,918
Iowa County Wisconsin Yes 23,771
Jackson County Wisconsin Yes 20,478
Kenosha County Wisconsin No 169,290
La Crosse County Wisconsin No 118,230
Lafayette County Wisconsin Yes 16,665
Langlade County Wisconsin Yes 19,268
Lincoln County Wisconsin Yes 27,689
Manitowoc County Wisconsin No 79,074
Marathon County Wisconsin No 135,428
Marinette County Wisconsin Yes 40,434
Marquette County Wisconsin No 15,434
Menominee County Wisconsin No 4,658
Monroe County Wisconsin No 46,051
Oconto County Wisconsin No 37,830
Oneida County Wisconsin No 35,470
Outagamie County Wisconsin Yes 187,365
Ozaukee County Wisconsin No 89,147
Pepin County Wisconsin Yes 7,289
Pierce County Wisconsin No 42,555
Polk County Wisconsin Yes 43,598
Portage County Wisconsin Yes 70,942
Price County Wisconsin Yes 13,397
Racine County Wisconsin Yes 196,584
Richland County Wisconsin Yes 17,377
Rock County Wisconsin No 163,129
Rusk County Wisconsin No 14,147
Sauk County Wisconsin Yes 64,249
Sawyer County Wisconsin Yes 16,489
Shawano County Wisconsin No 40,796
Sheboygan County Wisconsin Yes 115,456
Taylor County Wisconsin Yes 20,412
Trempealeau County Wisconsin No 29,442
Vernon County Wisconsin Yes 30,785
Walworth County Wisconsin Yes 103,718
Washburn County Wisconsin Yes 15,878
Washington County Wisconsin No 135,693
Waupaca County Wisconsin Yes 51,128
Waushara County Wisconsin Yes 24,263
Winnebago County Wisconsin Yes 171,020
Wood County Wisconsin No 73,055
Harrison County Texas No 66,726
Belknap County New Hampshire Yes 61,022
Carroll County New Hampshire Yes 48,779
Cheshire County New Hampshire Yes 76,493
Coos County New Hampshire Yes 31,589
Grafton County New Hampshire Yes 89,786
Hillsborough County New Hampshire No 415,247
Merrimack County New Hampshire Yes 151,132
Rockingham County New Hampshire No 309,176
Strafford County New Hampshire Yes 130,090
Sullivan County New Hampshire No 43,144
Apache County Arizona Yes 71,818
Yavapai County Arizona No 231,993
Appling County Georgia No 18,507
Atkinson County Georgia No 8,297
Bacon County Georgia down No 11,185
Baker County Georgia down No 3,092
Brantley County Georgia down No 18,897
Calhoun County Georgia No 6,352
Chattahoochee County Georgia down No 10,684
Chattooga County Georgia down No 24,790
Clay County Georgia Yes 2,887
Dodge County Georgia Yes 20,705
Early County Georgia down No 10,247
Echols County Georgia No 4,000
Elbert County Georgia No 19,120
Glascock County Georgia No 2,995
Hall County Georgia Yes 202,148
Jasper County Georgia Yes 14,040
Jeff Davis County Georgia No 15,029
Jenkins County Georgia No 8,683
Screven County Georgia Yes 13,938
Seminole County Georgia No 8,315
Taliaferro County Georgia No 1,608
Treutlen County Georgia No 6,809
Troup County Georgia No 70,034
Wheeler County Georgia No 7,879
Wilkes County Georgia Yes 9,876
Appanoose County Iowa down No 12,437
Lucas County Iowa down No 8,645
O'Brien County Iowa Yes 13,840
Osceola County Iowa Yes 6,040
Alleghany County North Carolina Yes 11,161
Beaufort County North Carolina Yes 47,079
Durham County North Carolina Yes 316,739
Forsyth County North Carolina No 379,099
McDowell County North Carolina Yes 45,507
New Hanover County North Carolina Yes 232,274
Stanly County North Carolina Yes 62,075
Stokes County North Carolina No 45,467
Transylvania County North Carolina No 34,215
Wayne County North Carolina Yes 123,248
Wilkes County North Carolina Yes 68,557
Allen County Ohio Yes 102,663
Ashland County Ohio Yes 53,745
Butler County Ohio No 382,378
Geauga County Ohio Yes 94,031
Knox County Ohio Yes 61,893
Lorain County Ohio No 309,461
Shelby County Ohio Yes 48,627
Trumbull County Ohio No 198,627
Warren County Ohio Yes 232,173
Wood County Ohio Yes 130,696
Angelina County Texas Yes 87,092
Brewster County Texas No 9,267
Calhoun County Texas No 21,561
Cameron County Texas No 423,908
Childress County Texas down No 7,291
Clay County Texas Yes 10,456
Comal County Texas Yes 148,373
Crockett County Texas down No 3,499
Dallam County Texas No 7,200
Dallas County Texas No 2,637,772
Denton County Texas Yes 859,064
Dimmit County Texas No 10,308
El Paso County Texas No 840,758
Erath County Texas No 42,446
Falls County Texas No 17,335
Franklin County Texas Yes 10,766
Guadalupe County Texas No 163,694
Hardeman County Texas down No 3,922
Harris County Texas No 4,698,619
Hartley County Texas No 5,619
Hutchinson County Texas Yes 21,198
Jasper County Texas No 35,872
Jim Wells County Texas Yes 40,822
Kimble County Texas No 4,362
King County Texas down No 277
Kleberg County Texas No 31,129
Lamar County Texas No 49,728
Liberty County Texas No 86,323
Lynn County Texas No 5,877
Madison County Texas No 14,422
Menard County Texas No 2,139
Montgomery County Texas Yes 590,925
Morris County Texas No 12,339
Navarro County Texas No 49,565
Polk County Texas Yes 50,031
Red River County Texas No 12,175
Rusk County Texas No 54,450
Willacy County Texas No 21,515
Young County Texas No 18,045
Ashland County Wisconsin Yes 15,600
*Population estimates are for 2018, the most recent year available. The data was pulled from “Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018.”

Editor's note: Buncombe County, N.C.'s website was corrected in the table.

Ben Miller is the associate editor of data and business for Government Technology. His reporting experience includes breaking news, business, community features and technical subjects. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in journalism from the Reynolds School of Journalism at the University of Nevada, Reno, and lives in Sacramento, Calif.
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