The first decade of the 21st century is going out the way it came in -- with bubbles bursting: dot-com at the beginning and housing (and a tangled web of global financial shenanigans) at the end. Technically speaking, 2009 isn't the end of the decade, but for many households, businesses and public agencies -- it felt like the end of the world.

This page has long invoked the credo attributed to Father Guido Sarducci's Five Minute University (of vintage Saturday Night Live fame), which condenses a world of knowledge into the five things you'll remember in five years. Our year-end tradition continues.

1. The Public Record Is Alive

Our idea of public records (and the laws that prescribe the conditions of their disclosure) assumed a document in a filing cabinet in a physical location. The Internet took the physicality out of the equation, but we hung on to the notion of the record as static. No more, and everything from Apps for America/Democracy, NYC BigApps and is just prolog. They provide the new platform on which governments will meet their obligation to interpret, contextualize and make data understandable to the public. But that game has been democratized.

2. The Rise of the Citizen Coder

If citizen journalists are bloggers on a mission, citizen coders are geeks similarly motivated to find meaning and value in government data feeds beyond what government would or could do for itself -- and in some cases, beyond what government would want done in terms of scrutiny on spending and official acts. There are the makings of tension and even conflict here, but it's our zeitgeist and the natural extension of all that citizen engagement we've been talking about.

3. The Portal Bypass

The portal is both less and more than it once was. The home page remains government's front door, and it's the standard-bearer for the growing suite of online applications that stand behind it. It's a gateway to the rapidly growing universe of mobile or smartphone apps that extend the portal's reach to the palm of the user's hand. Government home pages are being bypassed via back doors -- search, mobile apps and collaborative filtering -- in ways that make them invisible.

4. The Cloud Comes Down to Earth

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Paul W. Taylor  |  Contributing Writer

Paul W. Taylor, Ph.D., is the editor-at-large of Governing magazine. He also serves as the chief content officer of e.Republic, Governing’s parent organization, as well as senior advisor to the Governing Institute. Prior to joining e.Republic, Taylor served as deputy Washington state CIO and chief of staff of the state Information Services Board (ISB). Dr. Taylor came to public service following decades of work in media, Internet start-ups and academia. He is also among a number of affiliated experts with the non-profit, non-partisan Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) in Washington, D.C.