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When is it now illegal to use AI-generated voices?

Answer: In robocalls.

Closeup of a person holding a cellphone showing an incoming call from an unknown number.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has a message for anyone hoping to use AI to make their robocalls more realistic — don’t. As of Feb. 8, it is now illegal to do so in the U.S.

The FCC made it so by expanding the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) to include robocall scams that use AI-generated voices that imitate real people. The move comes not long after a widespread robocall scam in New Hampshire last month that used an AI-generated imitation of the voice of President Joe Biden. The FCC and New Hampshire Attorney General John Formella this week identified Life Corporation as the company behind the calls.

“Bad actors are using AI-generated voices in unsolicited robocalls to extort vulnerable family members, imitate celebrities and misinform voters,” said FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel. “We’re putting the fraudsters behind these robocalls on notice.”